SANITATION IN
BRAZIL AND IN THE WORLD

The sanitation scenario is a great challenge not only in Brazil but in a large part of the world. The last report disclosed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) stated that 4.5 billion people in the world still lack access to a bathroom, which means that one out of four people continue to tend to their physiological needs outside, a very problematic practice, as it represents a continuous focus of diseases and water contamination.

In more than 89 countries, progress in basic sanitation is still very slow, which decreases the chance of its inhabitants reaching universal coverage in 2030 (a goal established by the UN) if the industry continues to work in the same way and to maintain historic levels of investment.

In more than 89 countries progress in basic sanitation is still very slow, which decreases the chance of its inhabitants reaching universal coverage in 2030 if the industry continues to work in the same way and to maintain historic levels of investment.

In Brazil, 35 million people still don’t have access to drinking water and more than 100 million Brazilians do not have access to sewage collection, and out of the 100 largest Brazilian cities that treat sewage, only 10 of them treat over 80% of the sewage collected.

According to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (Plano Nacional de Saneamento Básico - PLANSAB), the estimated cost to make access to the four sanitation services (water, sewage, waste and drainage) universal in Brazil is of BRL 508 billion from 2014 to 2033, which represents an annual investment average much higher than what has been found in recent years (annual investment average in the period 2007-2016: BRL 11.7 billion - 2016 basis)

The highest investments in basic sanitation (water and sewage), during the last three years, occurred in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro and Bahia, amounting to 63.3% of all investments made in the period. While the states of Amazonas, Acre, Amapá, Alagoas and Rondônia were the ones that least invested over the last three years, amounting to only 1.7% of the total investment in the industry.

See other important data on sanitation in Brazil and in the world.

In Brazil

48% of people without access to sewage collection

Over 3,5 million Brazilians have discharged sewage in an irregular manner.

Over 13 million children and adolescents have no access to basic sanitation.

3,1% of children have no sanitation in their home.

Only 45% of the sewage collected in the country is treated.

Around the World

82% of the urban population has access to sanitation, in comparison to 51% of the rural population.

7 out of 10people live without proper sanitation.

13% of the world population still lacks access to a bathroom.

EIn some less developed countries, 49% of schools have no access to water and 53% lack sanitary facilities.

In order to reach the goal set forth by the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PLANSAB) in 2033, Brazil will need to rely on the participation of new agents in the industry, and on new technological solutions that make the service cheaper for the population and contribute to the reduction of waste, which currently reach record levels of 37% of water loss throughout the entire path, from collection to the supply of the population

Fontes:

http://tratabrasil.org.br/saneamento/principais-estatisticas/no-brasil/universalizacao

https://nacoesunidas.org/onu-45-bilhoes-de-pessoas-nao-dispoem-de-saneamento-seguro-no-mundo/

https://g1.globo.com/economia/noticia/apenas-4-cidades-do-brasil-atingem-nota-maxima-em-ranking-de-acesso-a-saneamento-basico.ghtml

http://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/saude/noticia/2018-08/universalizacao-do-saneamento-no-pais-economizaria-r-14-bi-por-ano